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King Edward III > Biography

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Given Names: Edward  Family Name: Plantagenet
 
Titles: Earl of Chester (1312 cr)
  Count of Ponthieu (1325 cr)
  Duke of Aquitaine (1325 cr)
  King of England (1327 - 1377)
 
Born:
Windsor, Berkshire, England
Died:
Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England
(Age 65, Natural Causes)
  English/Scottish Royal Blood: 100%   [?] Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England
 
Father: King Edward II 25 Apr 1284 - 21 Sep 1327
Mother: Isabel of France 1292 - 22 Aug 1358
 
Marriage: Philippa of Hainault About 1314 - 15 Aug 1369
  Date: 24 Jan 1328 His Age: 15 Her Age: 14
  Place:  York Minster, North Yorkshire, England
  Offspring:
+2  Edward Plantagenet 15 Jun 1330 - 8 Jun 1376
+2  Isabel Plantagenet 16 Jun 1332 - Before 7 Oct 1382
+0  Joan Plantagenet About Feb 1335 - 2 Sep 1348
+0  William Plantagenet 1336 - Before 8 Jul 1337
+1  Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence 29 Nov 1338 - 17 Oct 1368
+13  John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster 6 Mar 1340 - 3 Feb 1399
+3  Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York 5 Jun 1341 - 1 Aug 1402
+0  Blanche Plantagenet Born & died: Mar 1342
+0  Mary Plantagenet 10 Oct 1344 - 1362
+0  Margaret Plantagenet 20 Jul 1346 - After 1 Oct 1361
+0  William Plantagenet Before 24 Jun 1348 - Before 5 Sep 1348
+5  Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester 7 Jan 1355 - 8 Sep 1397
  (The number to the left of each offspring indicates the total number of children for that person.)
 
Events: Accession to English throne 25 Jan 1327 Unknown place
  Coronation 1 Feb 1327 Westminster Abbey, London, England
 

Notes
  • King Edward was styled as, "Rex Angliae, Dominus Hiberniae, et Dux Aquitaniae," until 1340 when he assumed the style, "Dei Gratia, Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae," to emphasize his claim to the throne of France, through his mother Queen Isabel.
     
  • Edward was declared Keeper of the Realm on 26 October 1326.
     
  • Edward was crowned by Walter Reynolds, Archbishop of Canterbury.
     
  • Edward founded the Order of the Garter in 1348.
     
  • When Edward rebuilt Windsor Castle, construction was so extensive that chroniclers record that nobody else in England could employ a mason, at any cost.
     
  • Edward spent 300 pounds on his wife Philippa's tomb, making the monument one of the most expensive in the Abbey.
     
  • Edward's tomb in Westminster Abbey originally featured carvings of all his children (some of which are still there). Some art historians have called Edward's effigy the first English portrait.
     
  • Portrayed by Jody Graber in the 1991 film, "Edward II."
     
  • Click here for Wikipedia article.

Products of Interest

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Divorced, Beheaded, Died: The History of Britain's Kings and Queens in Bite-sized Chunks Divorced, Beheaded, Died: The History of Britain's Kings and Queens in Bite-sized Chunks
Kevin Flude
Hardcover  (2010-07-09)

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Edward II (1970) Edward II (1970)
Richard Marquand, Toby Robertson
Multiple Formats, Color, Subtitled, NTSC  (2009-05-26)

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Edward III (The English Monarchs Series) Edward III (The English Monarchs Series)
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Paperback  (2013-05-28)

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Edward III and the Triumph of England: The Battle of Crécy and the Company of the Garter Edward III and the Triumph of England: The Battle of Crécy and the Company of the Garter
Richard Barber
Hardcover  (2014-03-19)

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England in the Reign of Edward III (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks) England in the Reign of Edward III (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)
Scott L. Waugh
Paperback  (1991-02-22)

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