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King Henry V > Biography

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Given Names: Henry  Family Name: Plantagenet
Known As: Henry of Monmouth
 
Titles: Knight of the Garter
  Earl of Chester (1399 cr)
  Duke of Cornwall (1399 cr)
  Duke of Lancaster (1399 cr)
  Prince of Wales (1399 cr)
  King of England (1413 - 1422)
 
Born:
Monmouth, Gwent, Wales
Died:
Bois de Vincennes, Paris, France
(Age 35, Natural Causes)
  English/Scottish Royal Blood: 100%   [?] Buried: Westminster Abbey, London, England
 
Father: King Henry IV 3 Apr 1367 - 20 Mar 1413
Mother: Mary de Bohun 1369 - 4 Jul 1394
 
Marriage: Katherine Valois 27 Oct 1401 - 2 Jan 1437
  Date: 3 Jun 1420 His Age: 33 Her Age: 19
  Place:  Troyes, Champagne, France
  Offspring:
+1  King Henry VI 6 Dec 1421 - 21 May 1471
  (The number to the left of each offspring indicates the total number of children for that person.)
 
Events: Accession to English throne 20 Mar 1413 Unknown place
  Coronation 9 Apr 1413 Westminster Abbey, London, England
 

Notes
  • King Henry was styled as, "Dei Gratia, Rex Angliae et Franciae et Dominus Hiberniae," until 1420, when his style became, "Rex Angliae, Haeres et Regens Franciae, et Dominus Hiberniae."
     
  • Henry was crowned by Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury.
     
  • At his coronation, Henry was shocked by the condition of the nave of Westminster Abbey, and promised 1000 marks a year to rebuild it.
     
  • Henry liked gardening, and designed a garden at Kenilworth.
     
  • A character in three of Shakespeare's plays--as Prince Hal in 1 and 2 Henry IV, and as the title character in Henry V.
     
  • Although history and Shakespeare record Henry's love for Fair Kate of France, he was apparently in love first with her older sister Isabel, the second wife of King Richard II. Although Henry's father, Henry IV, had tried to negotiate Isabel's marriage to young Henry, she refused, having loved the late king and not wanting anything to do with the family that pushed him from the throne.
     
  • As Henry IV, Part I ends, Henry has become king and admits he is unfamiliar with the job: "This new and gorgeous garment, majesty, Sits not so easy on me as you think." Henry IV, Part 1 Act 5, scene 2
     
  • Henry's most famous speech, in the three plays he appears as a character, takes place before the battle of Agincourt in Henry V: "...And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by, From this day to the ending of the world, But we in it shall be remembered- We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he to-day that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile, This day shall gentle his condition; And gentlemen in England now-a-bed Shall think themselves accurs'd they were not here, And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks That fought with us upon Saint Crispin's day." Henry V Act 4, scene 3
     
  • Henry makes another famous speech at Harfleur, before the English attack: "Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more; Or close the wall up with our English dead... Dishonour not your mothers; now attest That those whom you call'd fathers did beget you. Be copy now to men of grosser blood, And teach them how to war. And you, good yeomen, Whose limbs were made in England, show us here The mettle of your pasture; let us swear That you are worth your breeding- which I doubt not; For there is none of you so mean and base That hath not noble lustre in your eyes. I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips, Straining upon the start. The game's afoot: Follow your spirit; and upon this charge Cry 'God for Harry, England, and Saint George!'" Henry V Act 3, scene 1
     
  • Portrayed by Laurence Olivier in the 1945 film of Shakespeare's play, "Henry V."
     
  • Portrayed by Kenneth Branagh in the 1989 film based on Shakespeare's play, "Henry V."

Products of Interest

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